y original instrument was the piano, which I taught for many years. Shortly before retiring in 1985 I decided to take up the violin in order to play in orchestras. Ere long I became aware that there was much more demand for violists than violinists and took up this instrument, which I came to love, even though I still continue to play the violin in chamber groups, as it has a much richer literature. Studying the viola was like learning a new language because its root key is the c-clef, which was utterly alien to me. However by now it has become second nature.